Lhotse stands at 8516m, making it the fourth highest mountain in the world. It is situated at the border of Tibet and Nepal. Its long east-west crest is located immediately south of Mount Everest, and the summits of the two mountains are connected by the South Col, a vertical ridge that never drops below 8,000m. Lhotse has three summits: Lhotse Main 8516m, Lhotse Shar 8383m and Lhotse Middle or East 8413m.
Sometimes mistakenly Lhotse has been identified as the south peak of the Everest massif. No serious attention was given to climbing Lhotse until Everest had finally been ascended. Lhotse first climbed in 1956 as an alternative route towards the summit of Everest.
Lhotse Main was first climbed in 1956 by Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger who were part of a Swiss expedition. Lhotse Shar was first climbed on December 5, 1979 by Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter by taking the SE-ridge. It was not until 2001 that Lhotse Middle was conquered by the Russian Expedition (See below for details).
Year Event Notes / Team
1956 First ascent of main summit On May 18th, the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger became the first people to summit Lhotse.
1965 First attempt on Lhotse Shar A Japanese expedition failed in the attempt but managed to reach 8100m.
1979 First ascent of Lhotse Shar On May 12, Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar
1981 Second Ascent of Lhotse Shar
First solo ascent without the use of oxygen
A Swiss team makes 2nd successful ascent
April 30, 1981 by Hristo Prodanov from Bulgaria
1984 Third successful ascent of Lhotse Shar May 20th by a team from Czechoslovakia
1996 First female summit of Lhotse Chantal Mauduit becomes the first female to reach the top of Lhotse
1999 Failed traverse attempt A Russian team trying to become the first to summit Lhotse Middle and to traverse the three summits fails due to weather.
2001 First ascent of Lhotse Middle On May 23, 2001, the first ascent of Lhotse Middle was made by Eugeny Vinogradsky, Serguei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov and Petr Kuznetsov of a Russian expedition
The Lhotse Face/Route
The western flank of Lhotse is known as the Lhotse Face. Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125m (3,700ft) wall of glacial blue ice. This face rises at 40 and 50 degree pitches with the occasional 80 degree bulges. Two rocky sections called the Yellow Band and the Geneva Spur interrupt the icy ascent on the upper part of the face.
The south face is one of the most impressive walls in Himalayas. The first expedition from the south side was Yuogoslavian leading by A.Kunaver. They selected the left side of the wall but they manage to only get to 8100 meters. In 1985,1987 and 1989 three Polish expedition tried to climb the wall. The highest point they reach was 8300 meters. During the last expedition, Jerzy Kukuczka-the second person who climbed all 8000 meter peaks died during the attempt. Another expedition in 1989 lead by Reinhold Messner failed due to problems between members.
In 1990 Tomo Cesen said that he climbed the wall via Yugoslavian route. The climb caused much controversy because many climbers didn't believe that the wall, which was unclimbed by so many good climbers, was by climbed by single person. He later changed his mind claiming that he didn't reach the top but the summit ridge. However, public opinion is that he reached only about 7000 meters.
The south face was finally climbed in 1990 by Russian expedition few months after Cesen's climb. They describe the wall as impossible to be climbed by a single person.
When To Climb
As for all the Himalayan peaks there are two main seasons. Pre-monsoon season runs from April through May. Post monsoon season runs from late September through October.
Day 01 : Upon arival in kathmandu international airport pickup by Ghale Treks representative and transfer to Hotel.
Day 02-03 : full day Kathmandu sightseeing. We will process 2 days for issue permit and other governmental works, during these 2 days you will explore cisty sightseeing in Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur.
Day 04: Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding, overnight camp
Day 05: Trek to Namche Bazaar, overnight camp
Day 06: Acclimatization at Namche Bazaar
Day 07: Trek to Tengboche & overnight camp
Day 08: Trek to Pheriche
Day 09: Trek to Lobuche.
Day 10: Lobuche to Lhotse Base Camp.
Day11: Base Camp Preparation
Day12-37: Climbing Period.
Day 38: Cleaning up Base Camp.
Day 39: Lhotse BC to Dingbuche
Day 40: Dingbuche to Namche Bazaar
Day 41: Namche Bazaar to Lukla
Day 42: Fly back to Kathmandu and transfer to hotel
Day 43: Leisure day in Kathamndu
Day 44: Leisure day in Kathamndu
Day 45: International departure
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