Kathmandu City is the capital and largest city of Nepal. It is the cosmopolitan heart of the Himalayan Region. It is the gateway to Nepal. It has a glorious history going back two thousand years, and a refined culture that ranks among the highest in Asia. It is also a modern financial and business hub, exotic tourist destination, and a sacred goal for pilgrims.
Kathmandu is situated in a bowl shaped valley in central Nepal. The Kingdom extends about 885 km. east to west and 193 km. in width north to south. The entire terrain is like a steep incline, descending from the icy Himalayan heights to the hot Terai flatland within a short distance.
The country has an area of 147,181 sq.km., and is positioned between 26022" to 30027' North Latitude and 80004' to 88012' East Longitude. It is bordered by China in the north and by India in the south, west and east. Nepal is a totally landlocked country.
there is lots of world heritage places in details below:
Swoaymbhunath Stupa :
The Buddhist stupa of Swoyambhunath is situated on the top of a hill west of the city. Swoyambhunath literally means self originated god. This 2000 years old Stupa, is one of the most sacred Buddhist religious sites in Nepal. The huge symbolic representation of Buddhahood signifies five elements through which the living being are made up of Air, Water, Fire, Earth & Ether. The thirteen steps going up spirally are the steps of wisdom, crossing each spires successfully leads an individual towards the ultimate goal i.e. to attain enlightenment to liberate human kind from sufferings.
Not only is Pashupatinath the most important Hindu temple in Nepal. It's one of the most important Shiva temples on the subcontinent and draws numerous devotees from all over India each year. The temple is dedicated to lord Shiva who is the destroyer and creator of the Hindu pantheon and appears in many forms. His terrible forms are probably best known, particularly his appearance in Nepal as the cruel and destructive Bhairab, but he also has peaceful incarnations including those of Mahadev and Pashupatinath, the lord of the beasts. As the temple is located on the bank of the Bagmati River, which is considered to be the holy River, therefore Hindu people prefer to be cremated on the bank of this river - as such visiting this temple would facilitate our visitors to be acquainted with the death rituals that are being carried out.
On the eastern side of Kathmandu, just north of the Airport stands a huge Stupa of Boudhnath, the largest Stupa in Nepal and one of the biggest in the world. It is a popular religious hub of considerable population of Tibetans. Many of these Tibetans are refugees who fled their country following the unsuccessful uprising against the Chinese invaders in 1959. They have been energetic and successful enough in the intervening years, as the large houses in and around Boudhnath Testify. This is one of the few places in the world where Tibetan culture is both accessible and unhindered.
There does not seem to be any agreement on how old the site is, but it is likely that the first stupa was built some time after 600 AD after the Tibetan King Songtsen Gompo, was converted to Buddhism by his two wives. The present Stupa is built after the depredation of the Mugul invaders in the 14th century. To house the monks of different sect of Buddhism the Gompas are in and around the Stupa.
located in somewhat spooky location in the cleft between two hills and at the confluence of two rivers stand the temple of Dakshinkali; the temple is dedicated to Kali Shiva's consort in her most bloodthirsty incarnation, the temple is quite famous for animal sacrifice, twice a week i.e. on Tuesday and Saturday the faithful Hindu people come here to satisfy her blood lus.
Jal Binayak Temple:
Temple of Ganesh stands on the riverbank. The triple roofed temple dates 1602 although there was probably a temple here even earlier. On the temple's Platform there is an image of Shiva and Parvati
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